US President Donald Trump has stoked false claims that Democratic vice-presidential contender Kamala Harris is ineligible to hold that office because her parents were foreign born.
The claims about Ms Harris — who was born in the United States, making her constitutionally eligible to be both vice president and president — echo a baseless theory that Trump long promoted about his predecessor Barack Obama.
“I heard it today that she doesn’t meet the requirements,” Trump said at a White House news conference on Thursday, referring to an August 12 opinion article in Newsweek.
The article by conservative law professor John Eastman says that “before we so cavalierly accept Senator Harris’ eligibility for the office of vice president, we should ask her a few questions about the status of her parents at the time of her birth.”
Trump said that Eastman, of Chapman University “is a very highly qualified, very talented lawyer. I have no idea if that’s right.”
Eastman was also an unsuccessful Republican challenger, losing in the primary, for the 2010 California attorney general’s election won by Harris, who served in that post before becoming a US senator.
Ms Harris, 55, was born in Oakland, California to a mother from India and a father from Jamaica.
– A historic choice –
Democratic presidential hopeful Joe Biden, 77, on Tuesday named Harris as his running mate to challenge Trump in the presidential election. She is the first black woman and woman of South Asian heritage to be given the honor.
Eastman’s article followed claims shared thousands of times on Facebook that Harris could not become president because her parents hailed from abroad.
Article 2, Section 1 of the US Constitution says that “no person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States” shall be eligible for the presidency. They must also be at least 35 years old.
And Section 2 of the 14th Amendment says that: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States.”
Under that clause and an 1898 Supreme Court ruling, “anyone born on US soil and subject to its jurisdiction is a natural born citizen, regardless of parental citizenship,” Cornell Law School’s Legal Information Institute says.
Harris could not become vice president if she failed to meet requirements for the presidency.
David A. Super, Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Law and Economics at the Georgetown University Law Center, said that “no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States,” according to the 12th Amendment to the Constitution.
This means, Super said in an email to AFP, that “someone who is not a native-born US citizen, or someone who is not 35 years old, could not take office as vice president.”
As Trump parlayed his TV fame into a political career, he adopted and promoted the “birther” lie that Obama, America’s first black president, was not born in the United States.
Obama was born in Hawaii to a Kenyan father and a white American mother. Trump grudgingly acknowledged late in his 2016 presidential campaign that Obama was American-born.
Since then, Trump has faced accusations of racism, and has embraced other conspiracies.
Polls show him losing the November vote.